Lipid peroxidation has been established as a major mechanism of cellular injury in many biological systems of plant and animal origin. The mechanism involves a process whereby unsaturated lipids are oxidized to form additional radical species as well as toxic by-products that can be harmful to the host system. Polyunsaturated lipids are especially susceptible to this type of damage when in an oxidizing environment and they can react to form lipid peroxides.
Lipid peroxides are themselves unstable, and undergo aditional decomposition to form a complex series of compounds including reactive carbonyl compounds. Polyunsaturated fatty acid peroxides further react to form malonaldehyde (MDA).
MDA can be found in most biological samples including foodstuffs, serum, plasma, tissues and urine, as a result of lipid peroxidation, and has become one of the most widely reported analytes for the purpose of estimating oxidative stress effects on lipids.
This assay is based on the reaction of malondialdehyde (MDA) with thiobarbituric acid (TBA); forming a MDA-TBA2 adduct that absorbs strongly at 532 nm.
MDA - TBA Reaction
This reaction is the most popular method for estimating MDA in biological samples. However, interference can be a significant problem in some biological samples if not dealt with appropriately. Our assay provides the most accurate and efficient means of dealing with elevated backgrounds commonly associated with the TBARS reaction.